Opiate Addiction Grows in over 50

Addiction to Opiates Rise to Alarming Rate.

AMERICANS OVER 50 are using narcotic pain pills in surprisingly high numbers, and many are becoming addicted. While media attention has focused on younger people buying illegal opioids on the black market, dependence can also start with a legitimate prescription from a doctor: A well-meant treatment for knee surgery or chronic back troubles is often the path to a deadly outcome.

Consider these numbers:

• Almost one-third of all Medicare patients — nearly 12 million people — were prescribed opioid painkillers by their physicians in 2015.

• That same year, 2.7 million Americans over age 50 abused painkillers, meaning they took them for reasons or in amounts beyond what their doctors prescribed.

• The hospitalization rate due to opioid abuse has quintupled for those 65 and older in the past two decades.

From pain to addiction

Behind the numbers are the shattered lives of many who never dreamed they’d become drug abusers.

Cindy Thoma, 63, who owns and operates a bookstore in Muskegon, Mich., became addicted to opioid pain pills after being injured in a car crash with a drunk driver who ran a red light. “I was running away from my pain,” she says. “I did well at first. But I began to take them sooner, which meant I needed more. I needed more because my body got used to the narcotics.”

The way opioids are often prescribed, dependence can set in after just a few days, experts say. “Within one week you’ve made that person physiologically dependent on the drug, meaning they feel some discomfort or side effects when they stop using,” says Andrew Kolodny, executive director of Physicians for Responsible Opioid Prescribing.

“I was very, very sick. My mind was not right for a long, long time.”

—Cindy Thoma, 63, sober for five years following an eight-year opioid addiction

Thoma stopped abusing opioids after years of struggle. But for too many, their story’s end badly.

Nearly 14,000 people age 45-plus died from an opioid overdose in 2015 — 42 percent of all such deaths in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The actual number is likely much higher. Overdoses in older people are often mislabeled as heart failure or falls, Kolodny says.

“The deaths of older people are an untold part of it,” says Jeremiah Gardner, public affairs manager of the Hazelden Betty Ford Institute for Recovery Advocacy. Gardner speaks from personal experience: His mother died two years ago from an overdose after becoming dependent on painkillers prescribed for chronic pain and a surgery. She was 59.

So how did we get here?

Cynthia Thoma in her Gracie's Book Store, Faces of Addiction, Opioids AARP

Over 50KEVIN J. MIYAZAKI

Cynthia Thoma is the owner of Gracie’s Book Store in Muskegoearn about health discoveries, explore brain games and read great articles like, “18 Quirky Summer Health Tips’ in 


The sin of overprescription

“We overestimated the benefits of opioids and underestimated the risks,” says Deborah Dowell, senior medical adviser at the CDC. “We assumed without adequate evidence that they would work as well long term as they did in the short term.”

Pharmaceutical companies have marketed opioids aggressively to physicians, especially after the Federal Drug Administration approved OxyContin in 1995. “The campaign that led to the increase in opioid prescriptions was multifaceted,” Kolodny says.

For example, Purdue Pharma, the maker of OxyContin, held pain management conferences in states like Florida that were attended by more than 5,000 doctors, nurses and pharmacists.

So beginning in the late ’90s, when older patients suffering from chronic conditions like arthritis or back issues asked for pain relief, their doctors innocently wrote prescriptions for OxyContin, Vicodin, Percocet and other opioid painkillers.

By 2012, addiction rates and the number of overdose deaths had soared. In that year, 259 million opioid prescriptions were written — enough for every adult in the U.S. to have one.

 “Many doctors still think seniors can’t get addicted.”

Andrew Kolodny, executive director of Physicians for Responsible Opioid Prescribing

The trade group representing most opioid manufacturers, PhRMA, did not return calls for comment. Purdue Pharma said in a statement, “The opioid crisis is among our nation’s top health challenges,” and the company is committed to being “part of the solution.”

The teaching in medical school used to be that opioid medication is not addictive as long as it is given to someone in legitimate pain — something we now know not to be true, says Vivek Murthy, who left the job of U.S. surgeon general in April.

It did not help that in 2009 the American Geriatric Society encouraged physicians to use opioids to treat moderate to severe pain in older patients, citing evidence that they were less susceptible to addiction. Though the society revised those guidelines, the myth persists. “Many doctors still think seniors can’t get addicted,” Kolodny says.

Last August, then-Surgeon General Murthy wrote a letter to every doctor in America. “Nearly two decades ago, we were encouraged to be more aggressive about treating pain, often without enough training and support to do so safely,” the letter said.

“This coincided with heavy marketing of opioids to doctors. Many of us were even taught — incorrectly — that opioids are not addictive when used as pain relief. The results have been devastating.”

The CDC issued guidelines last year recommending that doctors drug-test their patients before and during opioid therapy, to ensure that the medications are taken properly.

But doctors still overprescribe. A 2016 survey by the nonprofit National Safety Council found that 99 percent of physicians prescribe opioids beyond the dosage limit of three days recommended by the CDC.

Thoma had no trouble getting opioids. “I could get them from different doctors, and there was no communication between them about what they were prescribing,” she says. “You could get it fairly easily.” In eight years, she lost her job and home and went bankrupt. Finally, she forced herself to stop. “I was very, very sick. My mind was not right for a long, long time.”

A need for treatment options

As people age, they can become more at risk for dependence or overdoses. To start, they are more likely to have serious pain. Kidney and liver function slows with age, increasing the time drugs remain in the system. And memory loss can make it harder to manage opioid medication effectively.

Solving the problem will require major changes, experts say. There is an urgent need for more treatment centers able to administer to older patients. That includes counseling tailored to older patients. It doesn’t work to have “a buttoned-up elderly person sitting next to a guy in his 20s who is pierced and tattooed,” says David Frenz, a Minneapolis physician certified in addiction medicine. And doctors need to be trained on medications used to treat opioid addiction, experts say.

There also needs to be a major attitude shift. “Some people still hold the mistaken belief that it’s a moral failing instead of a chronic medical condition that requires treatment,” says Melinda Campopiano, senior adviser for the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

But there are happy endings.

Thomas has been opioid-free for several years. She bought her bookstore in 2013, which helped refocus her life. She offers this advice for those who are dealing with drug issues: “Ask your provider to monitor your intake very closely. Consider trying nonaddictive options first. Be patient with yourself. Involve family members and friends to encourage you with your fight. And be prayerful.”

Rick Schmitt did additional reporting for this story


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Looking for the Light

Hi, You can find me at http://lookingforthelight.blog and http://survivorsbloghere@wordpress.com. Stop by and pull up a chair. I look forward to meeting you. Melinda

55 thoughts on “Opiate Addiction Grows in over 50

          1. Working together is what we as a body are suppose to do and its nice knowing this is your goal also. Its just that sharing, caring and encouraging. When we do this all turns into a win/win! Its nice that you make time to interact with your followers.

            Liked by 1 person

  1. The epidemic is everywhere. As a recovering addict (seven months clean and counting every day) this really strikes a chord with me.
    Through my five year long battle with opioid addiction, I learned so so so much about addiction, withdrawal, relapse, rehab, drugs themselves, strategies for staying sober… the list goes on. Anyways I decided to put my knowledge to use and so I started a weekly podcast called Addictions on iTunes and googleplay.
    I feature valuable insight for anyone effected by addiction check it out if you get a chance. My WordPress site will lead the way to your listening pleasure.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. It’s very hard to watch, my husbands mother got addicted and was mean as hell trying to get her next does.. I like Morphine, like Xanax it’s works fast and four hours later there are no linger effects. The biggest issue is withdraw. I’ve taken Xanax for over 10 years and went thru 100% withdraw, CVS error big surprise, it was the worst ever. Withdraw gets ugly the older I get. At my sickest the past few years I was taking close to 10 addictive drugs, but the pain and lack of memory did an overdrive when stopping a drug. Now I only take Three addictive drugs, sad to say that’s what it takes, between mental health and pain levels that is the option for me.
      Did you get my email in the last 2 days? Thinking about it, I may have left the au off. I usually remember. I needed your help.
      While I’m thinking about, have you heard of an organization called Men’s Movement? They have asked me to write for them, I agreed but want to learn more posting. He said his interest in me was mental health. Yet many are liking or replying to various men’s issues. Twitter is my new platform to learn about organizations and then share with readers more in depth info.
      Big hugs
      Let me know if received email.
      M

      Liked by 1 person

          1. For some reason it didn’t go through….I find WordPress very confusing at best.

            When I was hacked (years ago), the person had created a new administration profile on my site.

            So I lost sedge808 and had to become Gavin.

            Was very distressing for me…..but people knew it wasn’t me saying those horrible sexual things.

            I then deleted the posts, and deleted the hacker.

            Thankfully he didn’t get access to my password.

            G.

            Like

          2. Hi G
            I’m not sure what you are referring to as not going thru? I resent the email, it did have the au extension. I rambled a bit and the question got lost in there. I was asking for help or feedback. Let me know didn’t go thru, I’m very negligent in getting an email out. Talking to WP last week she said 99% of the time when having issues with reblogging it’s because the browser cache needs to get deleted. She has instructions. I’ve planned this email for weeks, Lyme, pain and depression are choking me right now.
            M

            Like

          3. I know we’re friends, I care very deeply for you but we can have misunderstandings and still be friends. With our traumatic background it’s just more of a challenge. I will never stop caring for you.

            Like

          4. I’ll post the read email. It’s 5:03 am here, this has been what my last two weeks have been like. I’ve got a deep routed issue and I’m making the decision not to sleep for more than a few hours. I’m sick of being sick, when I try to prove it to myself I end up hurt again. I’m a Survivor, no matter how many time I fall off the ladder it’s still in my office.

            Like

          5. I refuse to take more dope to knock myself out, I’ll work thru my issues, a great deal of pain for one, it will work it’s self out. My health and mood are different everyday and it’s hard for our loved ones to understand…not get mad or feel bad.
            Hugs
            M

            Like

          6. Yes we know for sure! I upgraded Survivors Blog here to Premium and WP is spending plenty time helping me understand what they know. It comes down to programmers must not communicating to Happiness Engineers?

            Like

          7. That’s also in my delayed email. I want to change themes to one better suited for a collaborative site. I want everyone to get exposure. There are so many cool things avail with Premium included all the for fee Themes are free!

            Like

          8. OK now I think I here what your saying. Let me look around your site to find comment, I don’t have any new ones here. I went thru both ways and answered them. That does happen to me a lot. WP?????

            Like

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